Pre-war[ edit ] The first mass deportation of Jews from Nazi Germany occurred in less than a year before the outbreak of war. It was the forcible eviction of German Jews with Polish citizenship fuelled by the Kristallnacht.
The experiments were conducted on men to simulate the conditions the armies suffered on the Eastern Front. The German forces were ill prepared for the bitter cold. Thousands of German soldiers died of freezing or were debilitated by cold injuries.
The experiments were conducted under the supervision of Dr. Sigmund Rascherat Birkenau, Dachau and Auschwitz.
Rascher reported directly to Himmler. The freezing experiments were divided into two parts. First, to establish how long it would take to lower the body temperature to death and second how to best resuscitate the frozen victim.
The two main methods used to freeze the victim were to put the person in a icy vat of water or to put the victim outside naked in sub-zero temperatures.
The icy vat method proved to be the fastest way to drop the body temperature. The selections were made of young healthy Jews or Russians. They were usually stripped naked and prepared for the experiment. A insulated probe which measured the drop in the body temperature was inserted into the rectum.
The probe was held in place by a expandable metal ring which was adjusted to open inside the rectum to hold the probe firmly in place. The victim was then placed in the vat of cold water and started to freeze.
Two Russian men were seen by a prisoner doctor in the cold vat. They were very strong men and had said a comment to the SS doctor performing the experiment.
The prisoner doctor was shocked at how long the Russian men could take the cold without losing consciousness. He asked the directing doctor to take them out of the tank. He did not allow this and increased the temperature slightly to prolong their pain.
They died after a long painful stay in the tank. The second way to freeze a victim was to strap them to a stretcher and place them outside naked.
The extreme winters of Auschwitz made a natural place for this experiment. The resuscitation or warming experiments were just as cruel and painful as the freezing experiments. Sun Lamp The victims were placed under sun lamps which were so hot they would burn the skin.
One young homosexual victim was repeatedly cooled to unconsciousness then revived with lamps until he was pouring sweat. He died one evening after several test sessions. Internal Irrigation The frozen victim would have water heated to a near blistering temperature forcefully irrigated into the stomach, bladder, and intestines.
All victims appeared to have died from the treatment. Hot Bath The victim was placed in warm water and the temperature was slowly increased. This method proved to be the best.
Many victims died do to shock if they were warmed up to quickly. Rascher that he try to use women to warm the frozen men. He suggested that the victim and a women copulate. This perverted experiment occurred with some success. However it was not as successful as the Warm Bath.
It was the largest part of the over all plan. The blonde hair, blue eye, super men were to be the only race.1. Overviews of The Nazi Holocaust --this Ultimate Example of Man's Inhumanity to Man. For me, visiting Auschwitz was a shocking experience.
During the visit to the camp, I also visited the town of Oświęcim. There is a museum in the synagogue where you can get to know the fate of the former residents of the town.
The main destination for the convoys was Auschwitz concentration camp in occupied Poland. Smaller numbers were sent to Buchenwald and Ravensbrück concentration camps, as well as Vittel concentration camp in France.
By , there were over half a million Italians working inside the Nazi war machine. Netherlands The Netherlands . Documents, photographs, and links to sites about the Dachau concentration camp, , and memorial site, Created by history professor Harold Marcuse, author of Legacies of Dachau: The Uses and Abuses of a Concentration Camp, The Horrors of Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
Auschwitz refers to a network of extermination camps built by the Third Reich during World War II in areas of Poland annexed by Nazi Germany. The Nazis distinguished between extermination and concentration camps, although the terms extermination camp (Vernichtungslager) and death camp (Todeslager) were interchangeable, each referring to camps whose primary function was genocide.
Todeslagers were designed specifically for the systematic killing of people delivered en masse by the Holocaust trains.