The fall of mughal empire

He was thrown from his ancestral domains in Central Asia, and turned to India to find a place to settle. The instability of the empire became obvious under his son, Humayun, who was driven out of India and into Persia by rebels but returned triumphantly from Persia inbut dies shortly afterwards. His son Akbar succeeded to the throne under a regent, Bairam Khan.

The fall of mughal empire

Revolts took place here and there. They were absolutely inefficient. The nobles took advantage of this situation and they enriched and strengthened themselves. He was very inefficient and after his death a quarrel took place among his four sons.

The Sayyid brother Sayyid Hussain Ali and Sayyid Abdullah now were so influential that they could make or unmake everything. Farruksiyar was soon dragged down and killed and now the Sayyids made Muhammad Shah emperor of Delhi. Muhammad Shah was pleasure-loving but he ruled for longer time than did his immediate predecessors.

It was he who at last broke the power of the Sayyids. He carried destruction everywhere. India hardly recovered from this shock. Muhammad shah died in During the next reign the different parts of the empire began to fall apart. Oudh or Ayodhya, Bengal and Hyderabad became independent.

The Mughal empire from that time remained just a name without any real power. Thus, there were many reasons for the decline of the Mughal Empire.

The downfall of the empire that existed and ruled for over two centuries was not sudden but gradual.The Mughal empire, writes Abraham Eraly, "lagged way behind Europe, behind even China, Japan and Persia. There was hardly any vigour in the economy, scant spirit of enterprise among the people.

The process of its decay had begun from the time of Aurangzeb whose misguided policies weakened the stability of the Mughal polity.

The fall of mughal empire

He was ambitious and wanted to increase the geographical limits of his empire even though it cost him heavily in terms of men and money.

Mughal Empire (title Padshah, sometimes Padshah-e Hind = Emperor of India) Eventually, Delhi and almost all the rest of India fell under a dynasty arising out of the far northwest, the Mughals ["Mongols", from the fact that Babur was a great-great-great grandson of Timur (Tamburlane)].

As the Roman control of the British Isles disintegrated along with their empire, the power vacuum opened up the opportunity for new kingdoms to emerge. In southern Scotland, the kingdom of the Strathclyde was one of the most powerful kingdoms to develop.

The Mughal Empire, which had reached its zenith during the rule of Shah Jahan and his son, began to decline after the rule of Aurangzeb.

In fact, the decline began during the last days of Aurangzeb. The empire at its greatest extent, in the late 17th and early 18th centuries.

Akbar | Biography & Achievements |