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The Obesity Treatment and Prevention program supports research on the prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity across the lifespan. Research focuses on critical periods for excess weight gain or high-risk populations. These approaches include behavioral, lifestyle, or environmental interventions to improve diet, decrease sedentary behavior, and increase physical activity.
Treatment research focuses on clinical trials that evaluate different approaches to losing weight, improving BMI percentile in growing children, or maintaining weight loss.
These interventions involve behavioral, pharmacologic, and surgical approaches. Research to understand and address psychosocial risk factors related to weight management is also supported.
Obesity prevention programming based on the research presented here is resulting in the creation of “ obesity prevention laboratories,” whereby schools are hubs of prevention activity. Such laboratories are especially important in current agriculture, school policy, and public health-based obesity prevention . The Obesity Treatment and Prevention program supports research on the prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity across the lifespan. Research focuses on critical periods for excess weight gain or high-risk populations. Obesity-related conditions include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer, some of the leading causes of preventable death. More than one-third of U.S. adults and approximately 17% of children and adolescents aged 2—19 years are obese (CDC).
For example, obesity research addressing binge eating, stress, impulsivity, and the influence of social networks might be supported if the primary aim is to improve weight management. The program also promotes research testing environmental, policy-based, and population-based approaches to the prevention and treatment of obesity, including studies evaluating the impact of programs or policies on diet, physical activity, or obesity development.Evidence shows that obesity prevention policy and environmental change efforts should focus on facilitating a handful of key behaviors: This section of the website summarizes promising strategies for obesity prevention, based on a review of expert guidance from major governmental, professional, and public health advocacy organizations.
Feb 26, · The prevention and reduction of overweight and obesity depend ultimately on individual lifestyle changes, and further research on motivations for behavior change would be important in combating the obesity epidemic.
NHLBI-funded obesity, nutrition, and physical activity research continues to build on the legacy of contributions to the understanding of the causes, complications, and treatment of overweight and obesity.
Obesity is also a risk factor for breast cancer in men. In premenopausal women, by contrast, overweight and obesity have been found to be associated with a 20% decreased risk of breast tumors that express hormone receptors.
Ovarian Biomarkers & Prevention ; 22(8) What Causes Obesity in Children? Children become overweight and obese for a variety of reasons.
The most common causes are genetic factors, lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating patterns, or. Obesity Prevention The Obesity Problem.
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in New York State and across the nation. While many epidemics can be defeated with a pill or a vaccine, preventing or reversing obesity requires changes in behavior as well as access to affordable, nutritious foods and opportunities for physical activity in the .