The construction workers are the most numerous and vulnerable section in India. As the construction companies are growing more and more, many of farm labourers are joining into Reality and Construction Sector as unskilled workers because of poor income and uncertainty in the agriculture sector. The workers are being hired from the remote villages and sent to the construction sites without explaining the nature of work, complexity and intricacies of building works. The migrant workmen are forced to work at deplorable conditions without proper food, shelter and basic amenities.
EF Over the last decade, European labour markets have seen a surge in the number of older workers in work and a continuous decline in their unemployment rates. A lot of young and middle-aged workers lost their jobs in the Great Recession, but not so the older age group.
This favourable state of affairs means they receive less policy attention, which is unfortunate for older workers who suddenly find themselves without a job. It is common knowledge that unemployed workers over 50 find it harder to get work than their younger counterparts. Data show that they tend to remain unemployed longer once they have been let go, for several reasons.
On the one hand, employers often stereotype older workers, thinking them less productive, more expectant of higher salaries, or likely to have health problems. On the other hand, older workers can be less willing to change occupation or to look farther afield if job opportunities are scarce in their local area.
Such disadvantages are compounded when there is a collective dismissal. In a situation where a big pool of workers is competing for the same jobs, especially in a region where employment opportunities are limited, older workers will often lose out to their younger colleagues.
Why focus on older workers? This is an issue that warrants specific attention — not only because long-term unemployment is as damaging for older workers as for any other age group, but also because of the consequences for our societies.
European countries, like other countries around the globe, have ageing populations. This poses a threat to the sustainability of social welfare systems, as lower numbers of workers will have to finance increasing numbers of pensioners.
Governments across Europe are attempting to maintain the balance between the two by raising statutory retirement ages and introducing other measures to extend working life.
While such steps are having an impact, they are only part of the solution. Measures are also needed to prevent redundancy from resulting in long-term unemployment among older workers, but not many schemes exist at present.
What can be done? Across the Member States, a relatively small number of measures specifically target redundant older workers, but there is a wide spectrum of initiatives either tackling redundancy irrespective of the age of the target group or addressing the integration of older workers into the labour market irrespective of the reason for unemployment.
They target either the workers themselves or prospective employers, and fall into two broad groups — those that anticipate potential future redundancy and prepare for it, and those that manage current redundancy situations. The figure below shows what such public interventions typically focus on.
Orientation of measures to support older workers in the labour market.report of the working group on occupational safety and health for the twelfth five year plan ( to ) government of india ministry of labour and employment.
The National Commission of Labour has divided all the statutory measures under two distinct heads: 1. Facilities which have to be provided irrespective of the size of the establishment e.g., drinking water.
The Labour department is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining industrial peace and harmony in the State, ensuring industrial safety and health at workplace and for implementing labour welfare schemes run by the department as well as the Labour Welfare Board.
arrangements to provide adequate welfare facilities for construction workers. This does not mean that you have to provide the facilities yourself. If the work is notifiable (that is lasts more than 30 days or will involve client on the measures needed to ensure that suitable welfare is provided during the construction phase.
I Migrant Construction Workers and Health & Safety Communication Tutt, Dainty, Gibb, Pink – Loughborough University EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Unions function as labor cartels, restricting the number of workers in a company or industry to drive up the remaining workers' wages.
They also retard economic growth and delay recovery from.