United States[ edit ] In the United States, suburbanization began to occur in mass amounts after World War II, when soldiers returned home from war and wanted to live in houses outside of the city.
They transcend local boundaries and touches lives of everyone. Evolution of mankind can be seen in terms of technological evolution as well. Invention of fire and wheel changed the face of mankind.
Various historical epochs - hunter-gatherers, agrarian society and industrialist society are distinguished from each other in term of technological advancement. The technological factors represent the conditions created by men that have a profound influence on his life. Technology is product of civilization.
According to Karl Marx even the formation of social relations and mental conceptions and attitudes are dependent upon technology. Veblen has regarded technology as the sole explanation of social change. F Ogburn says technology changes society by changing our environments to which we in turn adapt.
This change is usually in the material environment and the adjustment that we make with these changes often modifies customs and social institutions.
Technology has contributed to the growth of industries or to the process of industrialization. Industrialization is a term covering in general terms the growth in a society hitherto mainly agrarian of modern industry with all its circumstances and problems, economic and social.
It describes in general term the growth of a society in which a major role is played by manufacturing industry. The Industrial Revolution of 18th century led to the unprecedented growth of industries. Industrialization is associated with the factory system of production.
The family has lost its economic importance. The factories have brought down the prices of commodities, improved their quality and maximized their output. The whole process of production is mechanized.
Consequently the traditional skills have declined and good number of artisans has lost their work. Huge factories could provide employment opportunities to thousands of people. Hence men have become workers in a very large number.
The process of industrialization has affected the nature, character and the growth of economy.
It has contributed to the growth of cities or to the process of urbanization. In many countries the growth of industries has contributed to the growth of cities.
Urbanization denotes a diffusion of the influence of urban centers to a rural hinterland. Urbanization can be described as a process of becoming urban moving to cities changing from agriculture to other pursuits common to cities and corresponding change of behavior patterns.
Hence only when a large proportion of inhabitants in an area come to cities urbanization is said to occur. Urbanization has become a world phenomenon today. An unprecedented growth has taken place not only in the number of great cities but also in their size.
As a result of industrialization people have started moving towards the industrial areas in search of employment. Due to this the industrial areas developed into towns and cities.
Modernization is a process that indicates the adoption of the modern ways of life and values. It refers to an attempt on the part of the people particularly those who are custom-bound to adapt themselves to the present-time, conditions, needs, styles and ways in general.
It indicates a change in people's food habits, dress habits, speaking styles, tastes, choices, preferences, ideas, values, recreational activities and so on.
People in the process of getting modernized give more importance to science and technology.
The scientific and technological inventions have modernized societies in various countries. They have brought about remarkable changes in the whole system of social relationship and installed new ideologies in the place of traditional ones.
Development of the means of transport and communication:India as seen from space at night.
The world is experiencing a historically unprecedented transition from predominantly rural to urban living. In , one-third of the world’s population lived in cities; today the number has already reached more than one-half, and in city dwellers are expected to account for more than two-thirds of the world’s population (see Figure ) Impact of Technology Change on Society.
Major Impacts of Technology changes on Industrialization, Urbanization, Modernization, Unemployment, War and Changes in social institutions. 2 | The scenarios in this report are based on a combination of rep-resentative concentration pathways and shared socio-economic pathways from IPCC 5th Assessment Report, which are used to.
The human impact on natural ecosystems has reached dangerous levels, even significantly altering the Earth's basic chemical cycles, says a new report, World Resources People and Ecosystems, The Fraying Web of Life. The report paints a dismal picture of over-fished oceans, over-pumping of water for farming, destruction of coral reefs and forests, even too much tourism, with human.
Global urbanization map showing the percentage of urbanization per country in Guangzhou, a city of million people, is one of the 8 adjacent metropolises located in the largest single agglomeration on earth, ringing the Pearl River Delta of China.
Mumbai is the most populous city in India, and the eighth most populous city in the world, with .