Cognitive Intelligence and Emotional Intelligence Introduction Organization behaviour deals with these matters on individual and collective matters. Researchers and theorists agree on the point that there are different forms of intelligence.
Two components were found: This component was interpreted as a cognitive component. This component was interpreted as the emotional component.
Discussion In the present study, we analyzed the relationship among IQ and EI, and cognitive control abilities using the interference and impulsivity indices obtained with Stroop tasks. These coefficients are similar to those reported for other studies Friedman et al.
Moreover, the PCA yielded two separate components: Whereas, Vocabulary, Matrices and interference scores load on the first component, the second component is made up of impulsivity and Managing Emotions scores.
Data from the correlations and from PCA both suggest an interesting association between the two types of intelligence and the two types of control processes. Our data suggests that impulsivity premature execution of the responsebut not interference ability to inhibit Cognitive intelligence and emotional intelligence in of irrelevant informationis important for regulation of emotional information.
However, interference, but not impulsivity, is related to IQ. These associations may not have a unique or simple explication. One explication about the two relations between: Vocabulary and Matrices scores and the interference suppression and b EI: Managing Emotions and the impulsivity could be found in the processes employed to carry out each one of these abilities.
First, we found a relation between the intelligence scores of Matrices and the suppression of interfering information, like many other authors in the literature Detterman and Daniel, ; Checa and Rueda, ; Duan and Shi, ; Rueda et al.
The first hallmark of fluid intelligence is abstract reasoning Sternberg, We considered that interference, as a measure of cognitive control, is particularly important when it comes to solving tasks with a high load of reasoning, such as the task involved in the Matrices subscale of the KBIT.
Solving information interference tasks requires representing information, attending to relevant elements and inhibiting task-irrelevant elements as well as other potentially distracting information.
Although obviously, fluid intelligence is not reducible to interference, the mental process responsible for cognitive monitoring and control could be similar to that involved in the Matrices subscales. Using the Stroop test, we found divergent results.
The inconsistent findings in the literature may be due to the dependent variables used in the Stroop tasks. Whereas, in the present study and in the studies of Checa and Rueda and Duan and Shithe interference index in the cognitive tasks was calculated as the RT for incongruent trials minus the RT for congruent trials, Friedman et al.
The same measures of interference must be used to clarify this aspect in the future research. Many studies examining the relations between cognitive control and intelligence have focused on fluid intelligence and have largely ignored crystallized intelligence.
We are also interested in examining the relation between crystallized intelligence Vocabulary and interference, as we expect that both Matrices and Vocabulary scores of intelligence are related to interference.
Our results also reveal a positive correlation between fluid Matrices and crystallized Vocabulary intelligence. It seems that crystallized intelligence may depend partly on fluid intelligence Carroll, In contrast, we have not found a relation between impulsivity and both fluid and crystallized intelligence as other studies show Corr and Kumari, ; Lozano et al.
Our data is in line with some evidence that shows that impulsivity is relatively independent of IQ when impulsivity is measured with the reaction time tasks Plomin and Buss, ; Messer, ; Larsen, Our measure of impulsivity seems to be more related to speedy response execution, while IQ seems to be related to information processing.
The current findings support a positive stronger association of EI with crystallized than with fluid intelligence. In any case, these associations between crystallized intelligence and EI should be considered with caution because the sample characteristics e. Impulsivity could be seen as a response inhibition or a prevention of premature execution of the response: This data is congruent with studies from the cognitive literature showing that individuals who exhibited more impulsive behaviors displayed poor emotional control, using the same index of impulsivity as the one used in the present research Pailing et al.
Impulsivity has been related to emotion regulation even in early infancy. Children who showed short latency to grasp objects, or impulsivity, at six, ten, and 13 months also showed high anger frustration and aggression at age 7 years Derryberry and Reed, ; Rothbart et al.
The relation between impulsivity and emotion regulation seems to become stable over time. Impulsive children show low emotion regulation in their mid-forties Casey et al.
From the EI literature, there is evidence that EI is a determinant factor for impulse control. Lower EI, using self-reported measures, has been associated with behaviors reflecting a lack of control of impulsivity, such as drug, alcohol, Smartphone, and Internet abuse Billieux et al.
Using the MSCEIT, the relevance of managing emotions to deal with aggression or to regulate conflictive behaviors has been pointed out Lomas et al. It is important to note the relevance of the measure used in our study.Cognitive Intelligence - Intellectual abilities such as logic, reason, reading, writing, analyzing and prioritizing.
These go on in your own head and utilize only the neocortex, not the emotional centers of the brain which also provide crucial information. A Assessment Name: Cognitive intelligence and Emotional Intelligence in Modern organisations “Intelligence is an abstract concept for whose definition continues to evolve with modernity, these days it refers to a variety of mental capabilities, including the ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend complex ideas.
This paper examines how emotional intelligence and cognitive intelligence are associated with job performance. We develop and test a compensatory model that posits that the association between emotional intelligence and job performance becomes more positive as cognitive intelligence decreases.
We. This question gets at the heart of an important debate contrasting the relative importance of cognitive intelligence (IQ) and emotional intelligence (EQ).
Proponents of the so-called 'book smarts' might suggest that it is our IQ that plays the critical role in determining how well people fair in life. Intelligence which comes out naturally or under emotion influence of mind is emotional intelligence, Whereas, Cognitive Intelligence it reflects a broader and deeper capability for comprehending our surroundings—”catching on”, “making sense” of things, or “figuring out” what to do.
While cognitive intelligence is the ability to perceive relationships among objects and problem-solving in novel situations on the basis of learning, memory (Mayer & Salovey, ).