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An analysis of the payphone problem and the formula for different combinations

A Waldorf salad is a mix of among other things celeriac, walnuts and lettuce.

First combinatorial problems have been studied by ancient Indian, Arabian and Greek mathematicians. Interest in the subject increased during the 19th and 20th century, together with the development of graph theory and problems like the four colour theorem.

Some of the leading mathematicians include Blaise Pascal —Jacob Bernoulli — and Leonhard Euler — Combinatorics has many applications in other areas of mathematics, including graph theorycoding and cryptography, and probability.

Factorials Combinatorics can help us count the number of orders in which something can happen. Consider the following example: In a classroom there are V. CombA1 pupils and V. CombA1 chairs standing in a row.

In how many different orders can the pupils sit on these chairs? Let us list the possibilities — in this example the V. CombA1 different pupils are represented by V. CombA1 different colours of the chairs. CombA1] different possible orders.

Notice that the number of possible orders increases very quickly as the number of pupils increases. With 6 pupils there are different possibilities and it becomes impractical to list all of them.

Instead we want a simple formula that tells us how many orders there are for n people to sit on n chairs. Then we can simply substitute 3, 4 or any other number for n to get the right answer. Suppose we have V. CombB1 chairs and we want to place V. Then there are 6 pupils who could sit on the second chair.

There are 5 choices for the third chair, 4 choices for the fourth chair, 3 choices for the fifth chair, 2 choices for the sixth chair, and only one choice for the final chair. Then there are 5 pupils who could sit on the second chair. There are 4 choices for the third chair, 3 choices for the fourth chair, 2 choices for the fifth chair, and only one choice for the final chair.

Then there are 4 pupils who could sit on the second chair. There are 3 choices for the third chair, 2 choices for the fourth chair, and only one choice for the final chair. Then there are 3 pupils who could sit on the second chair. There are 2 choices for the third chair, and only one choice for the final chair.

Then there are 2 pupils who could sit on the second chair. Finally there is only one pupil left to sit on the third chair. Next, there is only one pupil left to sit on the second chair. CombB1] In total, there are possibilities. Above we have just shown that there are n! Exercise Solution In how many different ways could 23 children sit on 23 chairs in a Maths Class?

If you have 4 lessons a week and there are 52 weeks in a year, how many years does it take to get trough all different possibilities? The age of the universe is about 14 billion years.

For 23 children to sit on 23 chairs there are 23!The coach now multiplies on top, which equals 1,, and the bottom, which equals 6. Next, the coach divided 1, / 6 = The coach could choose different combinations of three-player teams.

Key difference: Permutation and Combination are mathematical initiativeblog.com are different ways in which the objects may be selected from a set to form subsets.

This selection of subsets is called a permutation when the order of selection is a factor, and a combination when the order is not a factor. If we use the combinations formula, we get the same result.

If the problem required us to calculate a much larger number (such as if the player had to select 2 cards from a full deck of 52), then writing out all the possibilities would be unduly time consuming.

Combinations are just the full spread of different ways you can arrange the various subsets of one larger set. For a simple example take the set of A={1,2}. You can . Nov 21, · About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners .

Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two. Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs..

For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get .

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Permutation nPr & Combination nCr Formula & Calculator